Medical Engineering & Physics Journal publishes Orthoscape Research

Paper Title: Personalised 3D Printed High Tibial Osteotomy Achieves a High Level of Accuracy: ‘IDEAL’ Preclinical Stage Evaluation of a Novel Patient Specific System

Medical Engineering & Physics Journal
Highlight of the Paper

• A 3D evaluation of pre- versus post-surgery anatomy was demonstrated using CT scans

• Custom surgical guides can improve accuracy and reliability for leg re-alignment

• This novel high tibial osteotomy surgery reliably achieves planned correction angle


High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is an effective surgical treatment for isolated medial compartment knee osteoarthritis; however, widespread adoption is limited due to difficulty in achieving the planned correction, and patient dissatisfaction due to soft tissue irritation. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of a novel HTO system with 3D printed patient specific implants and surgical guides using cadaveric specimens.

Local ethics committee approval was obtained. The novel opening wedge HTO procedure was performed on eight cadaver leg specimens. Whole lower limb CT scans pre- and post-operatively provided geometrical assessment quantifying the discrepancy between pre-planned and post-operative measurements for key variables: the gap opening angle and the patient specific surgical instrumentation positioning.

The average discrepancy between the pre-operative plan and the post-operative osteotomy correction angle was: 0.0 ± 0.2°. The R2 value for the regression correlation was 0.95.

The average error in implant positioning was -0.4 ± 4.3 mm, -2.6 ± 3.4 mm and 3.1 ± 1.7° vertically, horizontally, and rotationally respectively.

This novel HTO surgery has greater accuracy in correction angle achieved compared to that reported for conventional or other patient specific methods with published data available. This system could potentially improve the accuracy of osteotomy correction angles achieved surgically.

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